CITY OF MUSKEGON
ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS
DATE OF MEETING: Thursday, August 19, 2021
TIME OF MEETING: 4:00 p.m.
PLACE OF MEETING: Commission Chambers, First Floor, Muskegon City Hall
I. Roll Call
II. Approval of Minutes of the Regular Meeting of March 9, 2021.
III. Public Hearings
A. Hearing; Case 2021-03: Request for a variance from Section 404 of the zoning ordinance
to allow a reduced side setback for a second story addition above garage at 2217 Harding
by Christine Baker.
IV. New Business
V. Old Business
A. Appoint a new chairperson for Zoning Board of Appeals
AMERICAN DISABILITY ACT POLICY FOR ACCESS TO OPEN MEETING OF THE
CITY COMMISSION AND ANY OF ITS COMMITTEES OR SUBCOMMITTEES
The City of Muskegon will provide necessary reasonable auxiliary aids and services, such as signers for the hearing
impaired and audio tapes of printed materials being considered at the meeting, to individuals with disabilities who want to
attend the meeting, upon twenty-four hour notice to the City of Muskegon. Individuals with disabilities requiring auxiliary
aids or services should contact the City of Muskegon by writing or calling the following:
Ann Marie Cummings, City Clerk
933 Terrace Street
Muskegon, MI 49440
TTY/TDD: Dial 7-1-1 and request that a representative dial 231-724-6705
CITY OF MUSKEGON
ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS
March 9, 2021
Chairman E. Fordham called the meeting to order at 4:06 p.m. and roll was taken.
MEMBERS PRESENT: E. Fordham (Muskegon, MI), W. German (Muskegon, MI), J.
Witmer (Muskegon, MI), M. Ribesky (Muskegon, MI), J.
Montgomery-Keast (Muskegon, MI), T. Puffer (Muskegon, MI).
MEMBERS ABSENT: T. Puffer, Excused: W. Bouwman
STAFF PRESENT: M. Franzak (Muskegon, MI), H. Griffith (Muskegon, MI)
OTHERS PRESENT: D. Bowen, 1042 Terrace (Muskegon, MI); J. Hoffman, 2259
Harrison (Muskegon, MI); L. Vanderson, 2259 Harrison
(Muskegon, MI ); L. Wong, 1812 Edgewater (Muskegon, MI); A.
Kohley, 2484 Winchester (Muskegon, MI).
ELECTION OF OFFICERS
A motion to retain E. Fordham as Chairperson was made by J. Montgomery-Keast, supported by
W. German and unanimously approved.
A motion to have J. Witmer as Vice Chairperson was made by J. Montgomery-Keast, supported
by W. German and unanimously approved.
APPROVAL OF MINUTES
A motion that the minutes of the regular meeting of March 10, 2020, be approved was made by
J. Witmer, supported by W. German and unanimously approved.
Hearing; Case 2021-01: Request for a variance from Section 404 of the zoning ordinance to put
a second story addition on the home with only a one-foot side setback on the east south side of
the lot at 1804 Edgewater St, by David Bowen. M. Franzak presented the staff report. The
property is zoned R-1, Low Density Single Family Residential. The lot is the appropriate size for
development and is considered a buildable lot. The existing house on the lot is considered legally
non-conforming because it does not meet the minimum side setback requirement of six feet for a
one-story house. The side setback on the southeastern side of the lot is only one foot. The
applicant is requesting to add a second story to the house. The side setback requirement for a
two-story house is eight feet. The house would continue to have a one-foot setback, but now be
two-stories instead of one-story. The application, site plan and answers to the questionnaire were
provided to the commission members. Notice was sent to everyone within 300 feet of the
property. At the time of this writing, staff had not received any replies. M. Franzak shared that
there were four comments with one person being in favor and three others being in heavy
opposition to the request.
D. Bowen gave the history of the ownership and the plan for the deck & bedroom on the upper
story. He described the flooding that had happened and what was proposed. The goal of his
family was to maintain the property and to maintain what has always been there. The 1st story is
basically the foundation and the rest is to add a deck and bedroom. E. Fordham asked what it was
currently being used for. D. Bowen stated that they currently call it the boat house and they own
the cottage across the street. The boathouse is used to get access to the water. There was a living
area in there before. They would have cookouts there. Pretty much if someone were to stay there;
the sleeping arrangement would have been a pullout sofa. The idea is to build a bedroom on the
second floor. J. Montgomery-Keast asked what the function of the piece of property in question.
D. Bowen stated that it is not rented out. When family and friends come in, they go to the
boathouse to access the water and to have get togethers. J. Montgomery-Keast stated that the
people that had written in seemed to be under the impression this was a rental. D. Bowen stated
that some friends of his family had rented the home until they purchased a home in the
neighborhood. E. Fordham asked about the need for the 2nd story. D. Bowen stated that it would
be for family use for family gatherings, and they would stay there when there was an overflow. J.
Montgomery-Keast asked if the 2nd story was needed to repair the foundation. D. Bowen stated it
was just to preserve the foundation and wasn’t a way to repair it. W. German stated that the
photos it looks like it was preserved. One of the questions that is needed to approve is in regard
to the hardship. It appears it isn’t a hardship as more of a way to add to the structure. W. German
asked about the criteria that would need to be met to approve the variance. M. Franzak when
over the different criteria and the fact that, in staff’s opinion, the criteria hadn’t really been met.
The comments were shared through the zoom meeting that were discussed during the staff
report. M. Franzak read the different emails.
D. Bowen asked if he could respond to the public comments that were submitted to staff. E.
Fordham agreed due to the opinions that were given and that the applicant stated he would be
sensitive to their opinions. D. Bowen stated that the only view that would be altered would be
that of the new neighbor. He stated that this was not to make a profit as he could build two single
family homes there instead and that would obstruct the view of more and sell them. He went over
the different ways that would cause more of an obstruction to the view, such as vegetation. E
Fordham didn’t see how this was the minimum needed to correct the difficulty. He lives near this
and doesn’t have any viewing issues himself. He is concerned about the looks of the
neighborhood. L. Wong reiterated what was in her email to staff showing her opposition to the
request. She stated that no hardship had been shown nor any of the other factors were satisfied.
This was self-created as there wasn’t a need for a second story in order to preserve the history.
This would be preserved by keeping the structure as it was constructed. He would be able to add
onto the property itself to achieve what his goal. She felt if he wanted to be a good neighbor; he
didn’t even try to communicate with them as they are directly adjacent to the property. W.
German asked if the second story were on the property; would it directly affect their view of the
lake. L. Wong stated it would. She had sent pictures with her email to reflect their view. She
added that not only with the issue of the view; a second story caused concerns about their
privacy as it would look right into their house and yard because of the current one-foot setback
that it has.
A motion to close the public hearing was made by J. Montgomery-Keast, supported by J. Witmer
and unanimously approved.
T. Bowen asked what the height restrictions were for a single-story structure. M. Franzak
suggested it was 10 or 12 feet. T. Bowen stated that other places have it at 12 feet. T. Bowen
stated that he could build a structure of 12 feet and have a deck on the roof as well as planting
A motion that the request for a variance from Section 404 of the zoning ordinance to allow a
two-story house with a one-foot side yard setback on the southeastern side of the property be
denied based on the review standards in Section 2502 of the Zoning Ordinance was made by J.
Montgomery-Keast, supported by W. German and unanimously approved.
Hearing, Case 2021-02: Request for a variance from Section 2311 of the zoning ordinance to
allow a 20-foot-tall pole-style detached garage and a variance from section 2326 of the zoning
ordinance to allow an unpaved driveway at 2431 Barclay St, by Jeff Hoffman. M. Franzak
presented the staff report. The property is zoned R-1, Low Density Single Family Residential and
measured 5.8 acres. The property is accessed off Barclay St through an easement across the
adjacent property. The applicant is proposing to build a new single-family house on the property.
Please see the enclosed application, site plan and answers to the questionnaire. The applicant is
requesting a variance to not have to pave the driveway as required in section 2326 of the zoning
ordinance. The applicant is also requesting a variance from section 2311 of the zoning ordinance
that limits accessory structures to a maximum height of 14 feet and restricts pole-style barns.
The applicant is seeking a 20-foot-tall pole-style barn. Notice was sent to everyone within 300
feet of the property. At the time of this writing, staff had not received any replies. A copy of the
zoning ordinance excerpts was provided to the commission members.
J. Montgomery-Keast asked about the 300 ft. boundary in Glenside to see if they were included
in the notification. M. Franzak reviewed the map and the lot dimensions of the adjacent
properties to determine which ones would have been notified. W. German asked if there were
any comments from the neighbors. M. Franzak stated that there weren’t any. J. Witmer asked
about the requirement of paved parking. M. Franzak explained the ordinance requirement to help
keep people from parking in the front yard or dirt. This is just a different way of getting to the
property and that it will support the fire apparatus and that there will be room for them to turn
around. E. Fordham stated that he had spoken with someone at the Fire Department, and it
wasn’t a concern. His concern is the distance from the hydrant and the structure with the fire
hose being about 600 ft. M. Franzak stated that if the Fire Marshall requires another fire hydrant
to be installed; then it will need to be installed as there isn’t a variance around it. J. Hoffman
gave an overview of the application and the history. The property is 5 acres, heavily wooded and
would not be seen easily, most of their neighbors are commercial businesses. This was a former
hazardous property and the City of Muskegon paid for the assessments. There is a need and
potential to develop this property. He has a 300-foot easement through Barclay Self Storage so it
make this property unique for many reasons. They would like to get relief from the paved
driveway as well as their garage. He needs to have the height of the pole barn because it would
be storing some larger equipment and the third variance is for the material to be used. A. Kohley
stated that he is a neighbor to be affected most and doesn’t see a problem with the request. He
and spoken with the neighbors on each side of him and the applicant has their support.
A motion to close the public hearing was made by J. Montgomery-Keast, supported by W.
German and unanimously approved.
A motion that request for a variance from Section 2311 of the zoning ordinance to allow a 20-
foot tall pole-style detached garage and a variance from section 2326 of the zoning ordinance to
allow an unpaved driveway at 2431 Barclay be approved based on the review standards in
Section 2502 of the Zoning Ordinance was made by J. Montgomery-Keast, supported by M.
Ribeski and unanimously approved.
There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned at 5:24 p.m.
CITY OF MUSKEGON
ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS
Thursday, August 19, 2021
Hearing; Case 2021-03: Request for a variance from Section 404 of the zoning ordinance to
allow a reduced side setback for a second story addition above garage at 2217 Harding by
1. The property is zoned R-2, Medium Density Single Family Residential. The lot is the
appropriate size for development and is considered a buildable lot.
2. The existing house on the lot is considered legally non-conforming because it does not
meet the minimum side setback requirement of six feet for a one-story house. Although it
was requested, a site plan was not provided. It appears that the setback on the west side of
the home is about 1 foot.
3. The applicant is requesting to add a second story to the west side of the home. The
minimum side setback for a single story home is 6 feet. The minimum side setback for a
two-story home is 7 feet. A variance to add a second story while keeping the existing 1
foot side setback is needed for the project to move forward.
4. Please see the enclosed application, site plan and answers to the questionnaire.
5. Notice was sent to everyone within 300 feet of the property. At the time of this writing,
staff had received one letter from Justin Malek at 2173 Harding, who is in favor of the
1804 Edgewater St
Rendering of Proposed Addition
VARIANCE REVIEW STANDARDS
Questions to consider when reviewing a variance request:
a. Are there are exceptional or extraordinary circumstances or conditions applying to the
property in question or to the intended use of the property that do not apply generally to
other properties or class of uses in the same zoning district?
b. Is the dimensional variance necessary for the preservation and enjoyment of a
substantial property right possessed by other properties in the same zoning district and in
c. Will the authorizing of such dimensional variance be of substantial detriment to adjacent
d. Is the alleged difficulty caused by the ordinance and not by any person presently having
an interest in the property, or by any previous owner?
e. Is the alleged difficulty founded solely upon the opportunity to make the property more
profitable or to reduce expense to the owner?
f. Is the requested variance the minimum action required to eliminate the difficulty?
The following motion is offered for consideration:
I move that the request for a variance from Section 404 of the zoning ordinance to allow a
reduced side setback for a second story addition above garage at 2217 Harding be
(approved/denied) based on the review standards in Section 2502 of the Zoning Ordinance.